Introduction: Retroperitoneal hematoma are an important factor for hospitalization in patients with trauma and proper treatment is still under discussion and Controversial. We describe a successful case of conservative treatment of huge hematoma after cesarean section. Case presentation: An Iranian 34-year-old multigravida(G4L3) woman with three previous cesarean sections from Urmia province presented to our hospital with amniotic fluid leak. She had full-term pregnancy. Caesarean section was done. One day after caesarean section, she became dyspnea and had chest pain in left side. Embolism is suspected and enoxaparin was administered. According, hemoglobin decreased (HB:6.2) after administered the second dose of enoxaparin and a clear dullness percussion led tosuspected to hemorrhage and retroperitoneal hematoma was discontinued enoxaparin. After the patient is stable, the patient was discharged and retroperitoneal hematoma was followed up by ultrasonography and conservative treatment. Conclusion: Conservative treatment of retroperitoneal hematoma postpartum with good clinical evolution, depends on status of the patient, cause of injury and its evolution.
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