Ruptured Aneurysm of Sinus of the Valsalva: Case Series
Introduction: We present three cases of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm concomitant with a cardiac lesion in 2 cases of ventricular septal defect and 1 case of bicuspid aortic valve with mild aortic insufficiency. Case presentation: In 2/3 cases, the site of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm originated from right coronary cusps and one from non-coronary cusps. Both ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm from right coronary cusps communicated to right ventricle, and one that originated from non-coronary cusps ruptured to right atrium. All cases were diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography and confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography. Two underwent the surgery, while one did not want to continue treatment. Conclusion: ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a rare cardiac anomaly. In the Eastern countries, the most common associated anomalies with ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm are ventricular septal defect and aortic regurgitation. Ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm mainly originates from right coronary cusps and is ruptured into right ventricle. Transthoracic echocardiography and transesophageal echocardiography are employed to confirm the diagnosis. In this cohort, the coexistences of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm with ventricular septal defect and aortic regurgitation (case 1), ventricular septal defect (case 2), aortic regurgitation and bicuspid aortic valve (case 3) are observed.
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