Correlation of preoperative stress, anxiety and depression in women undergoing cesarean section with postoperative nausea and vomiting
Materials and Methods: The present descriptive-correlational study was conducted in early 2018 on 125 pregnant women under the C-section referred to Shohadaye Kargar Hospital of Yazd in Iran. After obtaining informed written consent and presenting oral explanation, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) questionnaire was completed before the C-section. Then, a questionnaire was filled out after the C-section to assess the presence and intensity of nausea and vomiting. Data analysis was performed with SPSS software version 19 using analysis of variance.
Results: There was no significant correlation between stress, anxiety and depression before the C-section with presence and intensity of postoperative nausea. On the other hand, there was a significant correlation between preoperative stress and postoperative vomiting (P-value=0.024), which indicates that preoperative stress leads to postoperative vomiting in this study.
Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, increasing levels of stress, anxiety and depression in pregnant women under the C-section may have their own unpleasant side effects, but they do not increase the extent and intensity of postoperative nausea, and only preoperative stress can increase postoperative vomiting.
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