Investigating the Role of International Law in Controlling Communicable Diseases


Disease Outbreak
International Law
World Health Organization
Epidemiological Surveillance

How to Cite

Kheirkhah, A., Kheirkhah, M., & Zabihi-Mahmoodabadi, S. (2017). Investigating the Role of International Law in Controlling Communicable Diseases. Internal Medicine and Medical Investigation Journal, 1(2).


International law globally plays a key role in the surveillance and control of communicable diseases. Throughout the nineteenth century, international law played a dominant role in harmonizing the inconsistent national quarantine regulations of European nation states; facilitating the exchange of epidemiological information on infectious diseases; establishing international health organizations; and standardization of surveillance. Today, due to changed forms of infectious diseases and individuals' lifestyles as well as individuals' proximity caused by increased air travels, communicable diseases are in an international and cross-border form. In this regard, binding regulations and inconsistent rules adopted in international multilateral institutions like the World Health Organization, World Trade Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization can be of great use in surveillance and control of communicable diseases. With the globalization of public health, international law can be used as an essential tool in monitoring global health and reducing human vulnerability and mortality.

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